12 Different Types of Diabetes
Most of us have heard of type 1 and type 11 diabetes, however there are actually eleven different types of diabetes. Whether you have diabetes, or someone in your family does, diabetes awareness is important. The more you know, the more tools and resources you will have to help you in your quest to avoid getting this condition if you don’t have it and if you do, then you’ll be better able to reverse and manage it.
Diabetes is a condition in which you either don’t make enough insulin or you make none at all. When this happens, the body cannot properly deal with sugar and send it to the cells. Instead, it stays in the blood stream and can cause you to suffer from a many health problems.
When there is too much glucose in the blood, it can cause you to have blood clots, poor circulation and suffer from kidney damage, so it’s important to catch diabetes early on so you can prevent many of the possible complications.
The Different Types of Diabetes
1. Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a severe form of the disease that’s rooted in an autoimmune background. The body actually kills off the cells within the pancreas.
Experts feel that this type of diabetes is an auto-immune disease that causes the body’s immune system to attack pancreatic cells that make insulin. With an autoimmune disease, the body’s immune system can often mistake healthy, necessary cells as a foreign invader and attacks them.
When this happens in the pancreas, the body can’t make insulin. This means that you will have to make sure that you are getting insulin from other sources so that you can keep your body healthy and properly deal with the sugar that is in your bloodstream all the time.
Anyone can have this form of diabetes.
2. Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is what can develop when your cells are insulin resistant. In this type of diabetes, the body struggles to use the glucose properly. This can lead to high levels of glucose in the blood stream and damage to the organs.
If you have type 2 diabetes, then you suffer from ‘adult onset’ diabetes, which is much more common. This is where the body no longer makes enough insulin to be able to combat the amount of sugar you take in.
This form of diabetes can be reversed through diet and exercise.There are also natural supplements to lower blood sugar levels.
3. LADA or Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adulthood
LADA is another form of diabetes. This form means that there will be higher than normal levels of auto-antibodies in the pancreas.
People who have this type of diabetes usually have some kind of autoimmune disease. Doctors suspect this form of diabetes when the patient’s age and weight don’t fall into the same parameters as what’s considered to be normal Type 2 symptoms.
4. MODY or Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young
MODY is a form of diabetes that has a stronger genetic component. This is due to one gene and if the parent has MODY, then the child has a high probability of getting it as well. It can be found in young people who have a healthy weight and can strike before the age of 25.
5. Double Diabetes
This is when a person has a mixture of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. When someone has type 1, it’s not related to being overweight. But someone with type 1 can develop type 2 diabetes if they become obese. This leads to insulin resistance and complicates the ability to use insulin.
6. Type 3 Diabetes
Type 3 diabetes is caused by insulin resistance – but rather than dealing with the pancreas, this type is due to how insulin is affected in the brain. Studies have shown that this type of diabetes can lead to Alzheimer’s.
7. Steroid Induced Diabetes
Steroid-induced diabetes is caused by steroid use when the person taking them already has a genetic propensity or other factors that give them a high risk level. Long term use of steroids – 3 months or longer – can cause diabetes.
8. Brittle Diabetes
Brittle diabetes is Type 1 diabetes that’s very difficult to control. This can be due to problems absorbing nutrients, trouble absorbing insulin, hormonal issues, medications that don’t work well together or problems with food leaving the stomach. Stress and depression can be factors of this type of diabetes.
9. Secondary Diabetes
Secondary diabetes is diabetes that occurs as a result of having a medical condition. Some of these other conditions that can cause secondary diabetes include polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), pancreatic cancer, Cushing’s or other autoimmune diseases.
10. Diabetes Insipidus
Diabetes insipidus isn’t as common as the other types of diabetes. This rare form of diabetes has nothing to do with high levels of blood sugar or insulin resistance. One of the hallmarks of this form is the frequent urination but this frequency is due to vasopressin.
Diabetes insipidus is when you have to urinate more than usual and complications erupt from this, which are the result of a particular antidiuretic hormone known as vasopressin, which is a hormone that’s found in the brain. When there’s not enough production of vasopressin, it’s harder for the body to hold onto water.
This form of diabetes causes the kidneys to work harder than they should.
11. Juvenile Diabetes
Juvenile diabetes is diabetes that young people have. It can be found in children and in young adults. It is a metabolic disease and has a hereditary component as well as an autoimmune component.
12. Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes occurs when a woman is pregnant and her body stops making enough insulin to keep up with her needs. When this type of diabetes goes untreated, it can turn into type 2 diabetes, so it’s important to make sure that this condition is dealt with as soon as possible.
When a woman has this type of diabetes, it can be common that she deliver a baby that is larger than normal due to her condition. This occurs when the mother’s blood interchanges with the baby’s blood and stimulates the fetus to produce insulin.
No matter what type of diabetes you have, it’s important to know as much as you can about the condition so that you can stay healthy and treat the condition as thoroughly as possible. This will help you to avoid diabetic complications and stay healthier for longer.